Editor’s note: This article was updated on 5.1.2021.
Many people say CBD helps them solve health problems such as pain, anxiety, sleep problems and PTSD. CBD stands for cannabidiol, a natural compound in cannabis (also known as marijuana) and hemp plants. It has the same chemical composition as cannabis, but does not cause elevation.
In 2018, the FDA approved a form of CBD for treatment seizures in children. Scientists are also studying CBD oil – the most concentrated form – for dozens of other health conditions, including schizophrenia.
What experts say
Joseph Pierre, MD, a psychiatrist and professor at the University of California, Los Angeles, says the potential role of CBD in treatment of schizophrenia starts with tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), compound u cannabis which causes high. THC can cause psychotic symptoms in some people, he says. And long-term cannabis users, especially those who start when they are young, may be more likely to get a disorder like schizophrenia.
“Because CBD opposes some of the effects of THC in brain, it is logical that it could be useful in treatment psychotic disorders“Says Pierre. “There is also some evidence that CBD has antipsychotic properties.”
But Pierre says people with schizophrenia should not try CBD on their own. The risks and benefits are not clear, and over-the-counter products do not always contain what they claim.
He also notes that the FDA does not regulate CBD products.
“We have many of the FDA approved drugs from plant sources, ”says Pierre. “For example, heart meds digoxin it is obtained from the foxglove plant. But if someone needs digoxin, I wouldn’t recommend going to pick a fox, bake it in a cookie and eat it. “
Peter Bongiorno, ND, a naturopath and acupuncturist from New York, recommends CBD to some people as part of an approach that includes lifestyle changes, balanced hormones and lower levels inflammation. He appeals to those who are taking other medications or are taking them mental health conditions for “working with someone who has experience with CBD.”
What you need to know about CBD and schizophrenia
If you have schizophrenia, but antipsychotics do not work for you, or you have serious side effects, you may be tempted to try CBD oil. But there are some important things to keep in mind.
The customer is careful
Because of its association with schizophrenia or psychotic episodes, THC is strictly prohibited if you have schizophrenia or if it exists in your family. So it is crucial to know what you are getting. This is not easy, because the market is flooded with products. Many do not contain what the label claims, and the terms can be confusing.
- Full range CBD oil comes from the whole hemp plant. It contains all compounds called cannabinoids, including traces of THC (0.3% or less). It’s a small amount, but you should skip this one anyway.
- Broad spectrum CBD oil does not contain THC, but has all the other cannabinoids. Bongiorno says they could help make CBD work better.
- Pure CBD oil means 100% CBD. “Pure CBD products should only have CBD, but unfortunately, even those sold in dispensaries sometimes contain THC or no CBD at all,” says Pierre.
- hemp oil is cunning. To avoid legal problems, some CBD manufacturers label the oil as hemp oil. Hemp oil is made from hemp seeds and does not contain CBD.
Learn how a company grows, tests and processes its CBD products.
- Check the certificate of analysis or COA. This shows that each batch is tested by an independent laboratory. It should say exactly what is in the product and what is not, such as toxic metals and pesticides. You can find CoA online, via email or with the product. If not, stay away.
- Ask for sources. The best CBD usually comes from organic plants grown on small farms in the US and Canada.
How much to take
“If you’re going to use CBD for mental health, ask your doctor for a high-quality version,” says Bongiorno. The amount you take may vary. “Studies tend to use pure CBD, which requires a higher dose. I use CBD with other cannabinoids in lower doses. ”
CBD is otherwise very safe, but it can have side effects in some people. The most common are dry mouth, feeling dizzy or irritable, anxiety, diarrhea, i nausea. There is a chance for liver damage at very high doses.
CBD can affect how your body tolerates other medications. This means that you may have larger or smaller amounts in your blood than you should. Researchers at Penn State University have found 60 drugs that interact with CBD or cannabis. Be especially careful if you take blood thinners, heart medications or medications that weaken yours immune system after transplant surgery. Pierre says even some psychiatric medications, including antipsychotics, can interact with CBD. You should ask your doctor if CBD is safe to use.